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数控转塔冲床及数控送料机对模具使用和维护

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[导读:]​当前,在板金冲压加工领域,数控冲床/数控转塔冲床 以其冲压速度快、加工精度高、模具通用性强、产品灵活多样等特点,得到广泛应用。 ​用户在选购某种品质的模具后,其使用和维护的水平,直接影响到工件的加工质量和模具的使用寿命。模具也是控制设备运行成本的重要环节。因此,学习和掌握这方面的一些知识并运用到实际中,对提高效益、降低成本,也会起到重要的作用。
数控转塔冲床及数控送料机对模具使用和维护

水果拉霸多人版    DANGQIAN,ZAIBANJINCHONGYAJIAGONGLINGYU,SHUKONGCHONGCHUANG/SHUKONGZHUANTACHONGCHUANG YIQICHONGYASUDUKUAI、JIAGONGJINGDUGAO、MOJUTONGYONGXINGQIANG、CHANPINLINGHUODUOYANGDENGTEDIAN,DEDAOGUANGFANYINGYONG。      

    用户在选购某种品质的模具后,其使用和维护的水平,直接影响到工件的加工质量和模具的使用寿命。模具也是控制设备运行成本的重要环节。因此,学习和掌握这方面的一些知识并运用到实际中,对提高效益、降低成本,也会起到重要的作用。      

一、保证更佳的模具间隙模具间隙是指冲头进入下模中,两侧的间隙之和

    TAYUBANHOU、CAIZHIYIJICHONGYAGONGYIYOUGUAN,XUANYONGHESHIDEMOJUJIANXI,NENGGOUBAOZHENGLIANGHAODECHONGKONGZHILIANG,JIANSHAOMAOCIHETAXIAN,BAOCHIBANLIAOPINGZHENG,YOUXIAOFANGZHIDAILIAO,YANZHANGMOJUSHOUMING。TONGGUOJIANCHACHONGYAFEILIAODEQINGKUANG,KEYIPANDINGMOJUJIANXISHIFOUHESHI。RUGUOJIANXIGUODA,FEILIAOHUICHUXIANCUCAOQIFUDEDUANLIEMIANHEJIAOXIAODEGUANGLIANGMIAN。JIANXIYUEDA,DUANLIEMIANYUGUANGLIANGMIANXINGCHENGDEJIAODUJIUYUEDA,CHONGKONGSHIHUIXINGCHENGJUANBIANHEDUANLIE,SHENZHICHUXIANYIGEBOYUANTUQI。FANZHI,RUGUOJIANXIGUOXIAO,FEILIAOHUICHUXIANXIAOJIAODUDUANLIEMIANHEJIAODADEGUANGLIANGMIAN。DANGJINXINGKAICAO、BUCHONG、JIANQIEDENGJUBUCHONGYASHI,CEXIANGLIJIANGSHICHONGTOUPIANZHUANERZAOCHENGDANBIANJIANXIGUOXIAO,YOUSHIRENBIANPIANYIGUODAHUIGUASHANGXIAMO,ZAOCHENGSHANGXIAMODEKUAISUMOSUN。MOJUYIGENGJIAJIANXICHONGYASHI,FEILIAODEDUANLIEMIANHEGUANGLIANGMIANJUYOUXIANGTONGDEJIAODU,BINGXIANGHUZHONGHE,ZHEIYANGKESHICHONGCAILIGENGXIAO,CHONGKONGDEMAOCIYEHENXIAO。      

ER、SHISHIRENMOKEYOUXIAOYANZHANGMOJUDESHIYONGSHOUMING

水果拉霸多人版    RUGUOGONGJIANCHUXIANGUODADEMAOCIHUOCHONGYASHICHANSHENGYICHANGZAOYIN,KENENGSHIMOJUDUNHUALE。JIANCHACHONGTOUJIXIAMO,DANGQIRENBIANMOSUNCHANSHENGBANJINGYUE0.10mmDEYUANHUSHI,JIUYAORENMOLE。SHIJIANBIAOMING,JINGCHANGJINXINGWEILIANGDERENMOERBUSHIDENGDAOFEIMOBUKESHIZAIRENMO,BUJINHUIBAOCHILIANGHAODEGONGJIANZHILIANG,JIANXIAOCHONGCAILI,ERQIEKESHIMOJUSHOUMINGYANZHANGYIBEIYISHANG。CHULEZHIDAOMOJUHESHIRENMOZHIWAI,ZHANGWOZHENGQUEDERENMOFANGFAYOUQIZHONGYAO。MOJURENMOGUICHENGRUXIA:

水果拉霸多人版1) RENMOSHI,JIANGCHONGTOUSHUZHIJIACHIYUPINGMIANMOCHUANGCIXINGKAPANDEVXINGCAOHUOJIAJUNEI,MEICIMOXUELIANGWEI0.03~0.05mm,ZHONGFUMOXUEZHIZHICHONGTOUFENGLI,GENGDAMOXUELIANGYIBANWEI0.1~0.3mm。 

2) SHIYONGSHAOJIEYANGHUALVSHALUN,YINGDUD~J,MOLIDAXIAO46~60,GENGHAOXUANSHIYONGYUGAOSUGANGMOXUEDESHALUN。 

水果拉霸多人版3) DANGMOXUELIDAHUOMOJUJIEJINSHALUNSHI,JIALENGQUEYEKEFANGZHIMOJUGUOREERKAILIEHUOTUIHUO,YINGANZHAOZHIZAOSHANGYAOQIUXUANYONGYOUZHIDUOYONGTULENGQUEYE。 

4) SHALUNXIANGXIAJINDAOLIANG0.03~0.08 mm,HENGXIANGJINJILIANG0.13~0.25 mm,HENGXIANGJINJISULV2.5~3.8m/min。 

5) RENMOHOU,YONGYOUSHIDAMORENKOU,QUCHUMAOCI,BINGMOCHUBANJING0.03~0.05 mmDEYUANJIAO,KEYIFANGZHIRENKOUBENGLIE。 

水果拉霸多人版6) CHONGTOUQUCICHULIBINGPENSHANGRUNHUAYOU,FANGZHISHENGXIU。      

三、消除和减少粘料的方法 

    YOUYUCHONGYASHIDEYALIHERELIANG,HUIJIANGBANLIAODEXIXIAOKELIZHANJIEYUCHONGTOUBIAOMIAN,DAOZHICHONGKONGZHILIANGCHA。QUCHUZHANLIAOKEYONGXIYOUSHIDAMO,DAMOFANGXIANGYINGYUCHONGTOUYUNDONGDEFANGXIANGXIANGTONG,ZHEIYANGGUANGHOUHUIBIMIANJINYIBUZHANLIAODECHANSHENG。BUYAOYONGCUSHABUDENGDAMO,YIMIANCHONGTOUBIAOMIANGENGCUCAO,GENGRONGYICHUXIANZHANLIAO。HELIDEMOJUJIANXI、LIANGHAODECHONGYAGONGYI,YIJIBIYAODEBANLIAORUNHUA,DOUHUIJIANSHAOZHANLIAODECHANSHENG。FANGZHIGUORE,YIBANCAIYONGRUNHUADEFANGSHI,ZHEIYANGHUIJIANSHAOMOCA。RUGUOWUFARUNHUAHUOCHUXIANFEILIAOHUIDAN,KECAIQUYIXIAFANGFA:    

水果拉霸多人版JIAOTISHIYONGDUOGEXIANGTONGCHICUNDECHONGTOULUNLIUCHONGYA,KESHIQIZAIBEIZHONGFUSHIYONGZHIQIANYOUJIAOZHANGDELENGQUESHIJIAN。JIANGGUOREMOJUTINGXIESHIYONG。TONGGUOBIANCHENGKONGZHIHUANMO,ZHONGDUANQIZHANGSHIJIANZHONGFUGONGZUO,HUOJIANGDIQICHONGYAPINLV。       

四、冲很多孔时防止板料变形的措施如果在一张板上冲很多孔

    YOUYUCHONGQIEYINGLIDELEIJIBANCAIJIUBUNENGBAOCHIPINGZHENG。MEICICHONGKONGSHI,KONGZHOUBIANDECAILIAOHUIXIANGXIABIANXING,ZAOCHENGBANLIAOSHANGBIAOMIANCHUXIANLAYINGLI,ERXIABIAOMIANZECHUXIANYAYINGLI。DUIYUSHAOLIANGDECHONGKONG,QIYINGXIANGBINGBUMINGXIAN,DANDANGCHONGKONGSHULIANGZENGJIASHI,LA、YAYINGLIZAIMOUCHULEIJI,ZHIZHICAILIAOBIANXING。XIAOCHUCILEIBIANXINGDEYIGEFANGFASHI:XIANMEIGEYIGEKONGCHONGQIE,RANHOUFANHUICHONGQIESHENGYUDEKONG。ZHEIYANGSUIRANYEHUICHANSHENGYINGLI,DANQUEHUANJIELEZAITONGYIFANGXIANGSHUNXUCHONGYASHIDEYINGLILEIJI,YEHUISHIQIANHOULIANGZUKONGDEYINGLIXIANGHUDIXIAO,CONGERFANGZHIBANLIAODEBIANXING。

五、尽量避免冲切过窄条料当模具用于冲切宽度小于板材厚度的板料时,会因侧向力作用而使冲头弯曲变形,令一侧的间隙过小或磨损加剧,严重时会刮伤下模,使上下模同时损坏。

    JIANYIBUYAOBUCHONGKUANDUXIAOYU2.5BEIBANCAIHOUDUDEZHAITIAOBANLIAO。JIANQIEGUOZHAITIAOLIAOSHI,BANLIAOHUIQINGXIANGWANRUXIAMOKAIKOUZHONG,ERBUSHIBEIWANQUANJIANDIAO,SHENZHIHUIXIERUCHONGMODECEMIAN。RUGUOWUFABIMIANSHANGSHUQINGKUANG,JIANYISHIYONGTUILIAOBANDUICHONGTOUYOUZHICHENGZUOYONGDEQUANDAOXIANGMOJU。

六、冲头的表面硬化及其适用范围虽然热处理和表面涂层可改善冲头表面特性,但并不是解决冲压问题和延长模具寿命的一般方法。

水果拉霸多人版    YIBANDISHUO,TUCENGTIGAOLECHONGTOUBIAOMIANYINGDUBINGSHICEMIANDERUNHUAXINGDEDAOGAISHAN,DANZAIDADUNWEI、YINGZHICAILIAOCHONGYASHI,ZHEIXIEYOUDIANZAIDAYUE1000CICHONGYAHOUJIUXIAOSHILE。ZHENDUIYIXIAQINGKUANGKESHIYONGBIAOMIANYINGHUADECHONGTOU:CHONGRUANHUOZHANXINGDECAILIAO(RULV);CHONGBODEYANMOXINGCAILIAO(RUBOLIHUANYANGPIAN);CHONGBODEYINGZHICAILIAO(RUBUXIUGANG);PINFANDIBUCHONG;FEIZHENGCHANGRUNHUADEQINGKUANG。BIAOMIANYINGHUATONGCHANGCAIYONGDUTAI、SHENDANDENGFANGFA,QIBIAOMIANYINGHUACENGWEIHOUDU12~60μmDEFENZIJIEGOU,TASHICHONGTOUJITIDEYIBUFEN,ERBINGFEIJINSHITUCENG。BIAOMIANYINGHUADEMOJUKEANTONGCHANGDEFANGSHIRENMO。TONGGUOBIAOMIANYINGHUAHUIJIANGDIMOJUZAICHONGBUXIUGANGBANSHIDEMOSUN,DANBINGBUNENGYANZHANGQISHIYONGSHOUMING,ERSHIDANGRUNHUA、JISHIRENMOYIJIANGUICHENGCAOZUODENG,QUESHIYOUXIAODEFANGFA。

七、数控转塔冲床 模位对中性不好时的检修如果冲床模位的对中性不好,造成模具快速钝化,工件加工质量差,可就以下几点检修:

    JIANCHAJICHUANGDESHUIPINGQINGKUANG,BIYAOSHIZHONGXINDIAOZHENG;JIANCHABINGRUNHUAZHUANPANSHANGDEMOKONGJIDAOXIANGJIAN,RUYOUSUNSHANGJISHIXIUFU;QINGJIEZHUANPANDEXIAMOZUO,YIBIANXIAMOZHUNQUEANZHUANG,BINGJIANCHAQIJIANHUOJIANCAODEMOSUNQINGKUANG,BIYAOSHIGENGHUAN;SHIYONGZHUANYONGXINBANGXIAOZHUNMOJUGONGWEI,RUYOUPIANCHAJISHIDIAOZHENG。SHANGSHUNEIRONGSHIDUITONGCHANGDEQINGXINGERYAN,JIANYUCHONGCHUANGJIMOJUDEJUTILEIXINGGUIGEYOUSUOBUTONG,YONGHUHAIYAOJIEHESHIJIQURENSHIHEZONGJIEJINGYAN,FAHUICHUMOJUDEGENGJIASHIYONGXINGNENG。  

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